About Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan and its Provinces

Dear Friends and Colleagues, we would like to start our project to introduce the great geography of our Country, where we perform our services, for You to have an idea, what Kazakhstan is like, and how large its landscape.

1. Almaty region

For example, only Almaty region as big as alsmost the United Kingdom! Almaty Province has an area of 224,000 square kilometers - The total area of the United Kingdom is approximately 243,610 square kilometers: Almaty Province is the province which surrounds the city of Almaty. The province borders Kyrgyzstan and Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China. The province also touches three other Kazakh provinces: Jambyl Province to the west, Karagandy Province to the northwest and East Kazakhstan Province to the north. Almaty Province has an area of 224,000 square kilometers.

Much of the northwestern border of the province runs along Lake Balkhash, whose main affluent, the Ili River, is the most significant river of the province. In the province's northeast, it shares the four lakes of the Alakol Depression (Lakes Alakol, Sasykkol, Koshkarkol, and Zhalanashkol) with East Kazakhstan Province. Other lakes within the province include Bartogai and Kapshagay lakes, Lake Issyk, Kaindy and Kolsai lakes.

The Trans-Ili Alatau branch of the Tian Shan Mountains extends from China and Kyrgyzstan into Almaty Province, along its southern border with Kyrgyzstan. Farther to the northeast, the Dzungarian Alatau runs along the province's border with China.

The Charyn Canyon is one of the region's famous scenic spots. This is the map of Kazakhstan itself, and the Almaty region is marked with red.

Our office is located in Almaty city, which is administrative center of the region. We provide services in the station of Dostyk and the customs zone of Khorgos, to reach the places it takes about 5-7 hours.

2. South Kazakhstan Province

South Kazakhstan Province (marked with red in the map of Kazakhstan): Oñtüstik Qazaqstan oblısı - is the southernmost province of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Shymkent, with 603,500 people. Other cities in South Kazakhstan include Turkestan,Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisai, Saryagash, and Lenger. This province Kazakhstan's one of the smallest province; 117,300 square kilometers in area. South Kazakhstan borders the neighboring country of Uzbekistan (and is very near the Uzbekistan capital Tashkent), as well as three other Kazakhstan provinces: Karagandy Province (to the north), Kyzylorda Province (to the west) and Jambyl Province (to the east). The Syr Darya passes through the province, on its way to the Aral Sea. Also, an oil pipeline runs from Turkmenabat, Turkmenistan to Omsk, Russia (where it connects with a larger, Siberian pipeline) through South Kazakhstan. Oil, lead and zinc are refined in Shymkent. Despite of its small area it can fit in it 4 countries of Europe: Denmark - area of 43,094 square kilometers; Netehrlands - 41,543 km2; Belgium - area 30,528 square kilometers and Monaco - 2.02 km2

3. Akmola region

We continiue to introduce our great country and its provinces and their lanscapes and areas, for You all to have an idea! This post is about Akmola region (province), our capital, the beautiful city of Astana is located in the Akmola region, and this province is considered as a heart of our country. Please enjoy: Akmola Province (Kazakh: Aqmola oblısı, اقمولاوبلىسى Russian: Akmolinskaya oblast) is a centrally located province of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Kokshetau. The capital of the whole country, Astana, is enclosed by the province, but is politically separate from Akmola Province. The province's population is 748,300; Kokshetau's is 124,000. The area is 146,200 square kilometers. It and Karagandy Province are Kazakhstan's only two provinces which don't touch the country's outer borders. Akmola Province borders North Kazakhstan Province in the north, Pavlodar Province in the east, Karagandy Province in the south, and Kostanay Province in the west. Some gold and coal mining occur in the area. Akmola province (area is 146,200 square kilometers) - three European Countries as: Czech Republic (Czech Republic 78,866 sq. km) - Slovakia (48,845 sq. km) - Slovenia (20,253 sq. km). Akmola region is marked red in the map of Kazakhstan.

4. Karagandy Province

Our largest Province!!! Karaganda, it takes almost a day to reach the region from one end to another: bigger than Germany (357,021 km2) Norway (385,252 km2) and Finland (338,424 km2), big as Sweeden (450,295 km2), little bit smaller than France (551,695 km2),

Karagandy Province – in Kazakh: Qarağandı oblısy, قاراعاندى وبلىسى. Its capital is Karaganda. Population: 1,341,700 The province is the site of intense coal mining.

With the area of 428,000 km2, Karagandy Province is the largest province of our Great Country. Although it doesn't touch the borders of any country, it touches nearly every other province. They are: Aktobe Province to the West; Kostanay Province to the Northwest; Akmola Province to the North; Pavlodar Province to the Northeast; East Kazakhstan Province to the East; Almaty Province to the Southeast; Jambyl Province and South Kazakhstan Province to the South; and Kyzylorda Province to the Southwest.

The area is arid and flat, given to plains with occasional hills and seasonal streams. Karkaraly National Park, covering 90,300 hectares, is located in the province, as well as Kyzylarai mountain oasis, famous for its natural beauty and historical sights.

The Ishim (Esil) River, a tributary of the Irtysh River, begins in Karagandy Province; the Nura is the region's other major river. Both rivers are replenished with water from the Irtysh, supplied by the 451 km long Irtysh–Karaganda Canal. The Karaganda Province, marked with red in the map of our Country of Kazakhstan!

5. Aktobe region

The second largest region of Kazakhstan is Aktobe region (Kazakh: Ақтөбе облысы, Aqtöbe oblısı, اقتٶبە وبلىسى). The Aktobe regional capital is the city of Aktobe, with a population of more than 340,000. The region itself has a population of 834 813 people. The area of the region is 300,600 square kilometers, making it the second largest region of Kazakhstan, after Karaganda Region and is equal to the size of Italy (301,340 km²), slightly less than Poland (312,685 km²), Finland (337,030 km²) and Germany (357 021 km²).

Aktobe Region borders Russia to the north and Uzbekistan to the south, and also borders six other Kazakh regions: the Atyrau Region to the west, the Mangystau Region to the south-west, the Karaganda Region to the east, the Kostanay Region to the north-east, the Kyzylorda Region to the south-east, and the West Kazakhstan Region to the north-west. The Ilek River, a tributary of the Ural River, flows through the region. The name "Aktobe" comes from Kazakh "Ақ" (white) and "төбе" (hill); supposedly, Aktobe's initial settlers were able to see white mountains far to the north.

The distance from Aktobe city to Astana is 1678 km.

Aktobe region is one othe major industrial region of Kazakhstan: mining and chemical industry, ferrous metallurgy, oil & gas industry.

6. Eastern Kazakhstan Region

Eastern Kazakhstan Region: Kazakh: Шығыс Қазақстан облысы, Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı, شىعىس قازاقستان وبلىسى. It occupies the easternmost part of Kazakhstan, along both sides of the Irtysh River and Lake Zaysan. Its administrative center is Oskemen (also known as Ust-Kamenogorsk). The region borders Russia in the north and northeast and the People's Republic of China (Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region) in the south and southeast. The easternmost point of the province is also very near, within 50 kilometers or so of the westernmost tip of Mongolia; however, Kazakhstan and Mongolia do not share a common border, the two countries being separated by a small part of Russia and China.It also borders the Kazakh Regions of Pavlodar Region (to the north west), Karaganda Region (to the west), and Almaty Region (to the south).

Population of the region is 1,396, 086; whereas 318,800 people live in Oskemen. The area is 283,300 in square kilometers: it’s bigger than United Kingdom (244,820 sq.km) and slightly less than Italy (301,340 sq.km).

The nature of East Kazakhstan is amazing. The steppe and semi-desert zones of Asia meet the mountainous taiga of Siberia, giving birth to a unique landscape spectrum: deserts, steppes, taiga, mountains draped with eternal sparkling glaciers, and numerous rivers and lakes.

Ust-Kamenogorsk (Oskemen) is the largest industrial and transport junction of the Altai mining industry. The city was founded in 1720 as the fortress. Modern Ust-Kamenogorsk is one of the largest centers of metallurgy. Its lead-zinc integrated smelting plant processes a considerable part of the lead and zinc extracted in the Mining Altai. Gold, silver, cadmium, and gallium are also mined there.

Semei (Semipalatinsk) is the second largest city in Eastern Kazakhstan Province, situated on both banks of the Irtysh River; around 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) north of Almaty. Its population is 334,000, and was founded in 1718 as a fortress.

For 40 years, during the Soviet time, the steppe area of Semei region was used for nuclear weapons testing (which is just 150 km (93 mi) west of Semei). The testing program was closed in 1989.